Category: Articles

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[CfA:] State-Rooms of Royal and Princely Palaces in Europe (14th-16th c.): Spaces, Images, Rituals – Lisbon/Sintra, 15-17 March 2017 (Programme)

From the fourteenth to the sixteenth century, European monarchies saw a gradual centralisation of power. This was accompanied by the dissemination of political ideas that contributed to the making of a new image of the prince, which relied on visual instruments to assert and construct the prince’s sovereign power. Royal and princely residences were at the centre of this phenomenon. In these privileged spaces, the sovereign accommodated an expanding...

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[Paper:] Lucie Jardot: Les sceaux des comtesses de Flandre et de Hainaut (XIIIe-XVe siècles). Des représentations princières au pouvoir politique, le discours par l’image et ses problématiques matrimoniales – Paris, 16 février 2017

Comme la plupart des femmes de leur rang, les comtesses de Flandre et de Hainaut, se dotent à l’occasion de leur mariage d’un sceau les représentant, jusqu’au milieu du XIVème siècle, en pieds accostées des armes de leur père et de leur époux. Après cette période on assiste à la modification de ce modèle. Dès lors, ce type de figuration est abandonné au profit de l’héraldique. Cette intervention est...

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La base ArmmA: Armorial monumental du Moyen Âge est en ligne

La base ArmmA (http://base-armma.edel.univ-poitiers.fr/), élaborée sous un logiciel WordPress par le service informatique I-Médias de l’Université de Poitiers, constitue l’interface web du programme de recherche Armorial Monumental du Moyen Âge lancé en janvier 2014 au Centre d’études supérieures de civilisation médiévale de l’Université de Poitiers. Dirigé par Matteo Ferrari (CNRS-CESCM) et Laurent Hablot (Paris, EPHE), ce programme de recherche vise, sur le long terme, à offrir une couverture la...

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The baron who became an architect: (mis-)remembering Konrad Grünenberg (d. 1494)

Konrad Grünenberg (d. 1494) and his armorial for a long time have attracted the attention of heraldists; in the late 19th c. in particular, his work was praised by German heraldists as one of the most important medieval armorials, if not the greatest armorial ever. At Konstanz, he was remembered as well; several local historians studied his life and works, and a small street was named after him. The...

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The Japanese Mon – An Eastern Equivalent to the European Coats of Arms? (II): The Emergence of Mon

In my two previous articles on the Japanese mon I have introduced the topic as such. In the first article, I have claimed that there are some similarities between the Japanese mon and European coats of arms. The second article has shown that although mon appear very different from coats of arms at first sight, comparing both in their forms and contents in detail uncovers some fascinating similarities, especially...

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Richental-Rezeption in der Frühen Neuzeit: Ein weiterer Handschriftenfund

Das Wappenbuch, das mit der Richental-Chronik überliefert wurde, darf als eines der einflussreichsten Wappenbücher des Mittelalters gelten. Zu den offensichtlicheren Gründen dafür gehören seine frühe Entstehung (unter den universalen Wappenbüchern war es eines der frühesten, unter denen des frühen 15. Jahrhunderts eines der universalsten), das frühe Datum des Erstdrucks (1483) und sicher auch der Entstehungsort – im Oberrheingebiet entstanden nun einmal viele der großen Wappensammlungen, von denen viele (auch)...

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An Armorial Cushion for Count John of Nassau-Saarbrücken as a Knight of the ‘Ordre du Croissant’ of King René of Anjou

René of Anjou (1409–1480) was the ruler of a vast complex of territories dispersed over parts of France. Being the titular king of Sicily and Jerusalem his courtly representation was particularly splendorous as René furthered chivalric culture in many ways. In 1447/48, he founded the Order of the Crescent.1 René had religious motives for this move, in the first place his veneration of St Mauritius of Agaune, but he...

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Show me a coat-of-arms: The Lyncenich armorial.

Elmar Hofman recently summarized a number of research problems concerning medieval armorials, among which were: by whom and for what purpose(s) were they made (https:/heraldica.hypotheses.org/4901 on 20/09/2016)? Though I know that Elmar does put great importance on knowing both content and context of any armorial studied, I felt that for the casual reader, he somewhat underplayed the descriptive work needed before any serious discussion can take place. That was...

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[CfP:] State-Rooms of Royal and Princely Palaces in Europe (14th-16th c.): Spaces, Images, Rituals – Lisbon/Sintra, 15-17 March 2017

From the fourteenth to the sixteenth century, European monarchies saw a gradual centralisation of power. This was accompanied by the dissemination of political ideas that contributed to the making of a new image of the prince, which relied on visual instruments to assert and construct the prince’s sovereign power. Royal and princely residences were at the centre of this phenomenon. In these privileged spaces, the sovereign accommodated an expanding...

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[Project:] Imaginäre Wappen im deutsch- und französischsprachigen Raum, 13. – 16. Jahrhundert / Les armoiries imaginaires dans l’espace germanophone et francophone, XIIIe – XVIe siècles

Im Zentrum des Dissertationsprojektes (Universität Heidelberg/EHESS Paris) stehen Wappen, die im Deutschen gemeinhin als „Phantasie-“ oder „Fabelwappen“, in Anlehnung an die französische Heraldik auch als „imaginäre Wappen“ bezeichnet werden. Die jüngere Forschung definierte die armoiries imaginaires als Wappenzuschreibungen an Personen oder Gestalten, die das ihnen zugesprochene Wappen nachweislich und aus bestimmten Gründen nie haben führen können[1]. Wappen dieser Zuordnung haben in der heraldischen Forschung lange Zeit ein Nischendasein geführt....

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Florence and its Signs, part 2: The Heraldic Diagram of another Florentine Guild and the Bossolo

In my previous text on this blog, entitled ‘Florence and its Signs: A Late Mediaeval Diagram of the City’ (https://heraldica.hypotheses.org/4880) I presented the heraldic diagram painted at the main vault of the Palace of Judges’ and Notaries’ Guild. I proposed to interpret this image as ‘a peculiar visual political treatise’, main function of which was to legitimise the hierarchy of communities and the city’s political system. A confirmation of...

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The Bavarian Charlemagne: Communicating through attributed coats of arms

The series of Bavarian princes in a late 15th-century manuscript contains an interesting coat of arms attributed to Charlemagne. It differs slightly from the common design of his arms. This subtle variation can open a door to more insights into the function of coats of arms as a performative means of communication. Charlemagne’s arms This coat of arms of Charlemagne consists of three elements: per pale, the dexter half Or, a double-headed...