Programme: Heraldic artists and painters in the Middle Ages / Peintres et artistes héraldistes au Moyen Age (Poitiers, 10-11 April 2014)
When it comes to heraldic depictions in the Middle Ages, the role of the artists has been neglected for a long time. However, it is well known that the most famous painters and sculptors of their time were commissioned to carry out such depictions that played an important part in the public representation of the prince.
The big names of art history such as the Limbourg brothers, Donatello, Pisanello, Barthélemy d’Eyck, Jean Fouquet or Albrecht Dürer have left important traces of their preoccupation with heraldic and emblematic depictions, whether in preserved artwork or by being mentioned in financial sources. Besides them, a huge number of other, less well known artists have also contributed to shape the medieval heraldic heritage.
Many questions need to be asked here: about the formation of those artists and their heraldic culture, about the extent of their intervention in the conception of heraldic and emblematic programs, and about their relationship to the prince. On what basis did they work, did they have textual descriptions or already any drawn models to start from? Which liberties did they take in dealing with the heraldic rules of depiction? What was their eventual contribution to the evolution of heraldry in the late Middle Ages and did artistic creation contribute to the spreading of heraldry as a mean of symbolical and political communication as well as prestige? How have art historians treated this part of medieval artistic creation so far? And which role did the heralds play in this matter? Could it be possible that they did execute heraldic depictions as well and if so, which artistic skills did they need to do so? Finally, how do we have to imagine the creation of heraldic depictions such as mural paintings, painted roll of arms or the illustrated charters of concessions of arms?
Thursday, 10 April
10:00-10:30 Arrival of participants
Laurent Hablot (Poitiers) / Torsten Hiltmann (Münster)
Michel Pastoureau (Paris) : La stylisation héraldique. Essai de définition à partir des armoiries médiévales
11h:30-12:00 Coffee break
Matteo Ferrari (Poitiers) : Au service de la Commune. Identité et culture des « artistes héraldistes » dans les villes italiennes aux XIIIème-XIVème siècles
Marc Gil (Lille) : Peinture d’armoiries, une activité parmi d’autres du peintre médiéval ?
1:00-2:30 pm Lunch
Luisa Gentile (Turin) : Artistes, hérauts et héraldique de part et d’autre des Alpes Occidentales
Jean-Christophe Blanchard (Nancy) : Georges Gresset, peintre et héraut d’armes des ducs de Lorraine (1523-1559)
3:30-4:00 pm Coffee break
Radu Lupescu (Cluj) : Heraldic commissions in architectural context. The architectural workshop of Cluj in the fifteenth century
Christian de Mérindol (Paris): Le peintre du plafond de Beaucaire (1454-1461)
5:00-5:30 pm Coffee break
Pierre-Gilles Girault (Blois) : Le décor héraldique des funérailles d’Anne de Bretagne
Anne-Sophie Bessero (Paris) : Les fournisseurs d’armoiries funéraires au XVIe siècle
8:30 pm Conference Dinner
Friday, 11 April
9:00-9:30 Arrival of participants
Martin Roland (Vienna) : Illuminated charters, heraldry and artistic excellence
Andreas Zajic (Vienna) : La procédure d’expédition des concessions d’armoiries impériales
Steen Clemmensen (Farum) : Armorials as commercial ventures ?
11:00-11:30 Coffee break
Case studies: The great artists
Tanja Jones (Tuscaloosa, AL) : Vivified Heraldry : On Pisanello’s Medallic Imagery
Alessandro Savorelli (Pisa) : L’héraldique “naturaliste” des Della Robbia à Florence et en Toscane
12:30-2:00 pm Lunch
Conclusion and discussion
Laurent Hablot (Poitiers) et Torsten Hiltmann (Münster) : conclusion
3:00 pm End
Hôtel Fumé-salle des Actes
8, rue René Descartes
Contact : firstname.lastname@example.org
Junior professeur for the High and Late Middle Ages and Auxiliary Sciences at the University of Münster and leader of the Research programme « Die Performanz der Wappen. Zur Entwicklung von Funktion und Bedeutung heraldischer Kommunikation in der mittelalterlichen Kultur » Dithley-Fellowship of the VolkswagenFoundation
Maître de conférences of Medieval History at the University of Poitiers, member of the CESCM
Leader of the research programme “ArmMA, Armorial monumental du Moyen Age”