Dictionary of heraldic terms used in Steen Clemmensen’s ‘Evaluating armorials (II) – Variant coats of arms’
Steen Clemmensen’s blogpost contains some heraldic terms that might, for the uninitiated, look like a secret language. The purpose of these particular vocabulary and the fairly strict manner of describing a coats of arms (= blazoning), is that it should enable a reader or an artist to imagine and recreate a coat of arms in an exact manner. In order to make the article intelligible for the novices, we have provided a short dictionary of the heraldic terms and overview of heraldic basic rules as practised by Clemmensen.
In heraldry, colours are divided into two groups: metals (yellow and white) and colours (the other colours). The basic colour rule is that metal should not touch metal and colour should not touch colour. The underlying idea is that the alternation of metal and colour provides a visual contrast and hence makes the coats of arms clearly visible and identifiable from a distance. The heraldic terms for the metals and colours are as follows:
For the visibility of the coats of arms, it is important that the charges are drawn as clearly as possible. The heraldic terms for the different charges are as follows:
 The coats of arms that serve as an example are all from Wikipedia.org